USACO 2013 Open Silver
Problem 3. Luxury River Cruise
Luxury River Cruise
Problem 3: Luxury River Cruise [Josh Alman and Nathan Pinsker, 2013]
Farmer John is taking Bessie and the cows on a cruise! They are sailing on a network of rivers with N ports (1 <= N <= 1,000) labeled 1..N, and Bessie starts at port 1. Each port has exactly two rivers leading out of it which lead directly to other ports, and rivers can only be sailed one way.
At each port, the tour guides choose either the “left” river or the “right” river to sail down next, but they keep repeating the same choices over and over. More specifically, the tour guides have chosen a short sequence of M directions (1 <= M <= 500), each either “left” or “right”, and have repeated it K times (1 <= K <= 1,000,000,000). Bessie thinks she is going in circles – help her figure out where she ends up!
PROBLEM NAME: cruise
INPUT FORMAT:

Line 1: Three spaceseparated integers N, M, and K.

Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 has two spaceseparated integers, representing the number of the ports that port i’s left and right rivers lead to, respectively.

Line N+2: M spaceseparated characters, either ‘L’ or ‘R’. ‘L’ represents a choice of ‘left’ and ‘R’ represents a choice of ‘right’.
SAMPLE INPUT (file cruise.in):
4 3 3
2 4
3 1
4 2
1 3
L L R
INPUT DETAILS:
The port numbers are arranged clockwise in a circle, with ‘L’ being a clockwise rotation and ‘R’ being a counterclockwise rotation. The sequence taken is LLRLLRLLR.
OUTPUT FORMAT:
 Line 1: A single integer giving the number of the port where Bessie’s cruise ends.
SAMPLE OUTPUT (file cruise.out):
4
OUTPUT DETAILS:
After the first iteration of the sequence of directions, Bessie is at port 2 (1 > 2 > 3 > 2); after the second, she is at port 3 (2 > 3 > 4 > 3), and at the end she is at port 4 (3 > 4 > 1 > 4).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
int N, M, K;
const int MaX = 1001;
vector<int> adj[MaX];
map<int, int> memo;
string steps = "";
int dfs(int curr, int step) {
step++;
if (step >= steps.size()) {
return curr;
}
if (steps[step] == 'L') {
return dfs(adj[curr][0], step);
}
else {
return dfs(adj[curr][1], step);
}
}
int main() {
setIO("cruise");
cin >> N >> M >> K;
FOR(i, 1, N + 1) {
int l, r;
cin >> l >> r;
adj[i].pb(l);
adj[i].pb(r);
}
F0R(i, M) {
char l;
cin >> l;
steps += l;
}
int curr = 1;
vector<int> iteration;
int i = 0;
while (i < K) {
iteration.push_back(curr);
if (memo[curr] != 0) {
if (curr == 935) {
cout << " ";
}
curr = memo[curr];
}
else {
int lastcurr = curr;
curr = dfs(curr, 1);
memo[lastcurr] = curr;
if (lastcurr == curr) {
cout << curr;
return 0;
}
}
if (curr == 1) {
cout << iteration[(K) % (iteration.size())];
return 0;
}
i++;
}
cout << curr;
}